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Linux系统邮件查看及清空

在操作Linux命令时,时常出现以下这样一句话

You have mail in /var/spool/mail/root

这个是提示有最新的邮件,你可以使用mail命令阅读

-bash-4.1# mail 
Heirloom Mail version 12.4 7/29/08.  Type ? for help.
"/var/spool/mail/root": 383 messages 381 unread
    1 user@localhost.local  Tue Apr 10 20:09 183/7743  "[abrt] full crash report"
    2 user@localhost.local  Tue Apr 10 20:15 183/7730  "[abrt] full crash report"
    3 user@localhost.local  Tue Apr 10 20:20 183/7730  "[abrt] full crash report"
    4 user@localhost.local  Tue Apr 10 20:22 183/7730  "[abrt] full crash report"

然后使用n 编号查看相应邮件,如查看编号为4的邮件

& n 4
Message  4:
From user@localhost.localdomain  Tue Apr 10 20:22:07 2012
Return-Path: <user@localhost.localdomain>
X-Original-To: root@localhost
Delivered-To: root@localhost.localdomain
Date: Tue, 10 Apr 2012 20:22:07 +0000
From: user@localhost.localdomain
To: root@localhost.localdomain
Subject: [abrt] full crash report
User-Agent: Heirloom mailx 12.4 7/29/08
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
Status: RO
 
Duplicate check

使用q键退出mail系统

& q
Held 384 messages in /var/spool/mail/root
You have mail in /var/spool/mail/root
-bash-4.1#

当然,里边都是一些无关紧要的邮件,我们也可以清空,清空很简单,只需要进入/var/spool/mail就好

-bash-4.1# cd /var/spool/mail/

列出了所有用户的邮件

total 14560
-rw-rw---- 1 ni** mail     6774 May 18 17:17 nicholas
-rw-rw---- 1 mysql       mail        0 Apr 23 16:58 mysql
-rw------- 1 root        mail 14880366 Jul 26 13:50 root
-rw-rw---- 1 www         mail        0 Apr 23 18:23 www

删除邮件,比如删除root的邮件,只需要写空就好,最好别删除,否则容易出错

-bash-4.1# echo ''>root 
You have mail in /var/spool/mail/root
-bash-4.1# ll
total 12
-rw-rw---- 1 ni** mail 6774 May 18 17:17 nicholas
-rw-rw---- 1 mysql       mail    0 Apr 23 16:58 mysql
-rw------- 1 root        mail    0 Jul 26 13:54 root
-rw-rw---- 1 www         mail    0 Apr 23 18:23 www

这样即可删除烦人的邮件提示了,虽然执行

echo ''>root

会提示

You have mail in /var/spool/mail/root

但实际上邮件内容已经清空,当root文件发生改动,一律都提示You have mail in /var/spool/mail/root

TITLE: Linux系统邮件查看及清空

LINK: https://www.qttc.net/145_linux_system_mail.html

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