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关于MongoDB最大连接数的查看与修改

在Linux平台下,无论是64位或者32位的MongoDB默认最大连接数都是819,WIN平台不知道,估计也没有人在WIN平台下使用MongoDB做生产环境

[root@DELL113 mongodb-linux-i686-2.4.1]# ./bin/mongo 192.168.6.42
MongoDB shell version: 2.4.1
connecting to: 192.168.6.42/test
>  db.serverStatus().connections
{ "current" : 1, "available" : 818, "totalCreated" : NumberLong(1) }

途中available显示818少了一个,表示空闲的。current表示已经占用了的连接数,两数一加就等于819,如果我现在在连接一个,那么available就是817,current就是2

[root@DELL113 mongodb-linux-i686-2.4.1]# ./bin/mongo 192.168.6.42
MongoDB shell version: 2.4.1
connecting to: 192.168.6.42/test
>  db.serverStatus().connections
{ "current" : 1, "available" : 818, "totalCreated" : NumberLong(1) }
> db.serverStatus().connections
{ "current" : 2, "available" : 817, "totalCreated" : NumberLong(2) }

819个连接数对于一般的站点我认为已经够用,并且都是现连现取现断。但这个连接数也可以修改,只要在启动的时候加入--maxConns即可

服务器启动

[root@lee mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.4.1]# ./bin/mongod --dbpath=/root/db --maxConns=2000
Wed Apr  3 11:06:21.905 [initandlisten] MongoDB starting : pid=2812 port=27017 dbpath=/root/db 64-bit host=lee
Wed Apr  3 11:06:21.957 [initandlisten] db version v2.4.1
Wed Apr  3 11:06:21.957 [initandlisten] git version: 1560959e9ce11a693be8b4d0d160d633eee75110
Wed Apr  3 11:06:21.957 [initandlisten] build info: Linux ip-10-2-29-40 2.6.21.7-2.ec2.v1.2.fc8xen #1 SMP Fri Nov 20 17:48:28 EST 2009 x86_64 BOOST_LIB_VERSION=1_49
Wed Apr  3 11:06:21.957 [initandlisten] allocator: tcmalloc
Wed Apr  3 11:06:21.957 [initandlisten] options: { dbpath: "/root/db", maxConns: 2000 }
Wed Apr  3 11:06:21.982 [initandlisten] journal dir=/root/db/journal
Wed Apr  3 11:06:21.982 [initandlisten] recover : no journal files present, no recovery needed
Wed Apr  3 11:06:22.297 [initandlisten] preallocateIsFaster=true 2.62
Wed Apr  3 11:06:22.717 [initandlisten]  --maxConns too high, can only handle 819
Wed Apr  3 11:06:22.724 [initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017
Wed Apr  3 11:06:22.725 [websvr] admin web console waiting for connections on port 28017
Wed Apr  3 11:06:25.126 [initandlisten] connection accepted from 192.168.4.86:53917 #1 (1 connection now open)

查询最大连接数

[root@DELL113 mongodb-linux-i686-2.4.1]# ./bin/mongo 192.168.6.42
MongoDB shell version: 2.4.1
connecting to: 192.168.6.42/test
> db.serverStatus().connections
{ "current" : 1, "available" : 818, "totalCreated" : NumberLong(1) }
>

发现还是819?其实是Linux默认进程能打开最大文件数有关,可以通过ulimit解决

[root@lee mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.4.1]# ulimit -n 2500
[root@lee mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.4.1]# ./bin/mongod --dbpath=/root/db --maxConns=2000
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.013 [initandlisten] MongoDB starting : pid=2930 port=27017 dbpath=/root/db 64-bit host=lee
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.013 [initandlisten] db version v2.4.1
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.013 [initandlisten] git version: 1560959e9ce11a693be8b4d0d160d633eee75110
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.013 [initandlisten] build info: Linux ip-10-2-29-40 2.6.21.7-2.ec2.v1.2.fc8xen #1 SMP Fri Nov 20 17:48:28 EST 2009 x86_64 BOOST_LIB_VERSION=1_49
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.013 [initandlisten] allocator: tcmalloc
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.013 [initandlisten] options: { dbpath: "/root/db", maxConns: 2000 }
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.031 [initandlisten] journal dir=/root/db/journal
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.031 [initandlisten] recover : no journal files present, no recovery needed
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.170 [initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017
Wed Apr  3 11:11:07.171 [websvr] admin web console waiting for connections on port 28017
Wed Apr  3 11:11:10.076 [initandlisten] connection accepted from 192.168.4.86:53161 #1 (1 connection now open)

再查看最大连接数,搞定

[root@DELL113 mongodb-linux-i686-2.4.1]# ./bin/mongo 192.168.6.42
MongoDB shell version: 2.4.1
connecting to: 192.168.6.42/test
> db.serverStatus().connections
{ "current" : 1, "available" : 1999, "totalCreated" : NumberLong(1) }
>

关于ulimit的更多知识大家可以去网上搜索相关资料

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