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MySQLdb ImportError libmysqlclient.so.18

安装MySQLdb后,导入包时MySQLdb出错如下

[root@lizhong MySQL-python-1.2.3]# /usr/local/bin/python2.7
Python 2.7.6 (default, Apr 10 2014, 15:45:39) 
[GCC 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-4)] on linux2
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import MySQLdb
/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/MySQL_python-1.2.3-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg/_mysql.py:3: UserWarning: Module _mysql was already imported from /usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/MySQL_python-1.2.3-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg/_mysql.pyc, but /soft/MySQL-python-1.2.3 is being added to sys.path
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
  File "MySQLdb/__init__.py", line 19, in <module>
    import _mysql
  File "build/bdist.linux-x86_64/egg/_mysql.py", line 7, in <module>
  File "build/bdist.linux-x86_64/egg/_mysql.py", line 6, in __bootstrap__
ImportError: libmysqlclient.so.18: cannot open shared object file: No such file or direc

根据最后提示,应该是找不着一个动态链接库文件libmysqlclient.so.18,于是到MySQL安装目录里找到这个文件并且做一个软连接到/usr/lib

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18

如果是64系统则

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib64/libmysqlclient.so.18

再次import MySQLdb就正常了

[root@lizhong MySQL-python-1.2.3]# /usr/local/bin/python2.7
Python 2.7.6 (default, Apr 10 2014, 15:45:39) 
[GCC 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-4)] on linux2
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import MySQLdb
>>>s
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